It's not "understood" that you mean that unless you're trying to twist plain words beyond all recognition. Why would abstaining from meat, the lowest and least restrictive degree of fasting, be "understood" to include more severe degrees of fasting?Irish Hermit said:Yes, it is understood that when we say "abstaining from meat" it includes all the foods which are lower on the Fasting triangle.frost said:Actually, xerophagia (literally; dry eating) means more than abstaining from meat. It means observing the entire fasting discipline, abstaining from meat, fish, eggs, dairy, wine and oil.
1. Meat, milk, eggs
3. Wine and oil